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Variability in high-salinity shelf water production in the Terra Nova Bay polynya, Antarctica

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Issue Date
2020-03
Publisher
Copernicus Gesellschaften
Citation
Ocean Science, Vol.16 No.2, pp.373-388
Abstract
Terra Nova Bay in Antarctica is a formation region for high-salinity shelf water (HSSW), which is a major source of Antarctic Bottom Water. Here, we analyze spatiotemporal salinity variability in Terra Nova Bay with implications for the local HSSW production. The salinity variations in the Drygalski Basin and eastern Terra Nova Bay near Crary Bank in the Ross Sea were investigated by analyzing hydrographic data from instrumented moorings, vessel-based profiles, and available wind and sea-ice products. Near-bed salinity in the eastern Terra Nova Bay (similar to 660 m) and Drygalski Basin (similar to 1200 m) increases each year beginning in September. Significant salinity increases (> 0.04) were observed in 2016 and 2017, which is likely related to active HSSW formation. According to velocity data at identical depths, the salinity increase from September was primarily due to advection of the HSSW originating from the coastal region of the Nansen Ice Shelf. In addition, we show that HSSW can also be formed locally in the upper water column (< 300 m) of the eastern Terra Nova Bay through convection supplied by brine from the surface, which is related to polynya development via winds and ice freezing. While the general consensus is that the salinity of the HSSW was decreasing from 1995 to the late 2000s in the region, the salinity has been increasing since 2016. In 2018, it returned to values comparable to those in the early 2000s.
ISSN
1812-0784
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/179360
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College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences (지구환경과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_지구환경과학부)
College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences (지구환경과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_지구환경과학부)
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