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Modulation of electrical properties in MoTe2 by XeF2-mediated surface oxidation

Cited 3 time in Web of Science Cited 3 time in Scopus

Ji, Eunji; Kim, Jong Hun; Lee, Wanggon; Shin, June-Chul; Seo, Hyungtak; Ihm, Kyuwook; Park, Jin-Woo; Lee, Gwan-Hyoung

Issue Date
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Nanoscale Advances, Vol.4 No.4, pp.1191-1198
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are promising candidates for the semiconductor industry owing to their superior electrical properties. Their surface oxidation is of interest because their electrical properties can be easily modulated by an oxidized layer on top of them. Here, we demonstrate the XeF2-mediated surface oxidation of 2H-MoTe2 (alpha phase MoTe2). MoTe2 exposed to XeF2 gas forms a thin and uniform oxidized layer (similar to 2.5 nm-thick MoOx) on MoTe2 regardless of the exposure time (within similar to 120 s) due to the passivation effect and simultaneous etching. We used the oxidized layer for contacts between the metal and MoTe2, which help reduce the contact resistance by overcoming the Fermi level pinning effect by the direct metal deposition process. The MoTe2 field-effect transistors (FETs) with a MoOx interlayer exhibited two orders of magnitude higher field-effect hole mobility of 6.31 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) with a high on/off current ratio of similar to 10(5) than that of the MoTe2 device with conventional metal contacts (0.07 cm(2) V-1 s(-1)). Our work shows a straightforward and effective method for forming a thin oxide layer for MoTe2 devices, applicable for 2D electronics.
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  • College of Engineering
  • Department of Materials Science & Engineering
Research Area 2D materials, 2D crystal structures , 2D materials and fabrication processing, Advanced battery materials, Next-generation electronic devices


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