Detailed Information

《평생도(平生圖)》의 제작 경향과 변화 양상: 도상과 화풍의 전승과 변용의 관점에서

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus


Issue Date
한국문화, Vol.96 No., pp. 177-211
평생도김홍도홍이상풍산 홍씨석판화Pyeongsaeng-doKim HongdoHong IsangPungsan Hong Familylithograph
Pyeongsaeng-do (平生圖), the Painting of a Persons Life, is a series of paintings
depicting the ideal life of a yangban aristocrat who enjoyed a successful career as a
high official. The painting emerged in the second half of the 18th century when the
expression of family awareness and ancestral worship was extraordinarily enhanced
among the powerful bureaucratic clans in Hanyang. Most of the paintings are eight- or
ten- panel folding screens, which depict rituals taking place throughout life such as the
first birthday, marriage, and the 60th birthday, the 60th wedding anniversary as well as
public life of a government official from starting for a new post to promoting to higher
official positions. In addition daily life and custom of literati including studying at a
village school, sitting in the civil service examination, enjoying leisurely life after
retirement are often depicted.
With the vivid illustration of the exemplary life of the upper class, various scenes
delivering daily life, rituals, and festivities of yangban noblemen, Pyeongsaeng-do is
considered commemorative and documentary painting as well as genre painting of
scholars. The complicated nature of the painting and its socio-political significance has
drawn great scholarly attention in its iconography, production, and its stylistic
development. Despite its importance as the visual material to uncover the changes of the
late Joseon society, little is known about the paintings history, authorship, and
iconographic origins. Previous scholarship suggests that the development of this genre
was indebted to Kim Hongdo, the eminent court painter in the 18th century and Hong
Isang and Hong Gyehui, the protagonists of the paintings, played a specific role in their
production. But the questions remain; how the names of Hong Isang and Hong Gyehui
were attached to the screens painted in the 19th century, how we can explain the
discrepancies between the real life of the protagonists and the depicted scenes on the
screen, whats the role of Kim Hongdos style in the spread of this genre, how this
genre was evolved in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and what these
changes tell about the visual culture of the transitional period of Joseon dynasty.
To delve into the above questions I conduct iconographic research to identify the
various scenes of surviving works and then provide an approximate date of the Painting
of Modang Hong Isangs Life through formal analysis. Painting of Modang Hong Isangs
Life is reminiscent of Kim Hongdos genre painting but the double outlines to applied
clothes, shading to columns, roof tiles, and temporary tents reflect the style of the first
half of the 19th century, By investigating the rise of powerful Pungsang Hong Family by
the strong support of King Jeongjo(r. 1776-1800), I find that the reverence of Hong
Isang, a legendary restorer of Hong Family, lead to commemorative projects including
the compilation of chronological biography, anthology, and genealogical record, along
with the commission of a painting of the persons life, Pyeongsaeng-do. A close look at
the socio-political geography in the late 18th century sheds light on the understanding of
the nuanced relationship between the Painting of Modang Hong Isangs Life and Hong
Isang. The final chapter is dedicated to the last stage of Pyeongsaeng-do, which takes
place in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. While paintings illustrating more
personalized life were produced for military officials or gentry outside the capital, a
lithograph version of the Pyeongsaeng-do was circulated as a commodity in the early
20th century. The style and iconography have been transmitted over the various media
for ages but their functions, symbolic meanings, and patterns of consumption have been
drastically changed.
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:


Item View & Download Count

  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.