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청송 주산지(注山池)의 역사와 수리(水利)공동체

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Issue Date
한국문화, Vol.97 No., pp. 419-450
주산지(注山池), 역(驛), 역토(驛土), 역민(驛民), 수리시설, 수리(水利)공동체,
Cheongsong Jusanji, station, station land, station worker, irrigation
facility, irrigation community
Cheongsong Jusanji is an irrigation facility and has a special history and tradition in
terms of the establishment of a station. So far Jusanji has been widely known for its
outstanding scenic view. The construction process and its operation and management
method, however, confirm that it is a valuable cultural heritage in the history of
irrigation facilities.
The history of the construction process of Jusanji can be seen through the monument
which is at the entrance of it. This monument is called Lee Gong Je Eon Seong Gong
Song Deok Bi(李公堤堰成功頌德碑). According to the inscription, Jusanji was
constructed in August 1720 and completed in October of the following year. It was built
mainly by Lee Jin-pyo, one of the community leaders, the Andong-Im clan led by Im
Ji-hwon, and Cho Se-man, etc. It was demolished at some point after the construction
and went through a process of reconstruction.
According to Eupji(邑誌) and Yeokji(驛誌), etc, the local people suggested to the
king the establishment of a new station in the region in 1691 and the Ijeonpyeong
Station was established in 1711. Ijeonpyeong Station was an important post connecting
the inland area of Andong and the east coast of Yeongdeok across the Taebaek
Mountains. Jusanji was built for the management of the station land.
The irrigation communitys culture is well transmitted in today's Jusanji-ri where
Ijeonpyeong(or Ijeon) Station was located. Local residents have annually held rituals in
front of the monument and have conducted seasonal obligatory labor for the irrigation
facilities which are agricultural rites and a water ceremony in the modern sense. The
followings are a unique traditional culture of the region: a) all members of the
community shared the water resources of Jusanji without receiving any water tax, b) all
residents participated in the ceremony regardless of the ownership of the field, and c)
the village managed the irrigation facilities without the formation of a separate
irrigational organization.
The Cheongsong Jusanji has a significant academic value in the irrigation history
study in that the station workers played a key role for the establishment and
management of the irrigation facility and the station land. So far, the study of irrigation
history has focused on the ruling class or the local Confucian intellectuals because many
of the cases were conducted by them. However, in case of Cheongsong Jusanji, the key
actors were station workers instead of Confucian intellectuals.
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