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Functional role of the Frizzled linker domain in the Wnt signaling pathway

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Issue Date
2022-05
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Citation
Communications Biology, Vol.5 No.1
Abstract
The linker domain of Frizzled receptors has a varying effect on the functional levels of canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling, with FZD chimeras influencing the binding of Wnt proteins and the recruitment of proteins regulating downstream signaling. The Wnt signaling pathway plays a critical role in the developmental and physiological processes of metazoans. We previously reported that the Frizzled4 (FZD4) linker domain plays an important role in Norrin binding and signaling. However, the question remains whether the FZD linker contributes to Wnt signaling in general. Here, we show that the FZD linker is involved in Wnt binding and affects downstream Wnt signaling. A FZD4 chimera, in which the linker was swapped with that of the non-canonical receptor FZD6, impairs the binding with WNT3A and suppresses the recruitment of LRP6 and Disheveled, resulting in reduced canonical signaling. A similar effect was observed for non-canonical signaling. A FZD6 chimera containing the FZD1 linker showed reduced WNT5A binding and impaired signaling in ERK, JNK, and AKT mediated pathways. Altogether, our results suggest that the FZD linker plays an important role in specific Wnt binding and intracellular Wnt signaling.
ISSN
2399-3642
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/182612
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College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Biological Sciences (생명과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_생명과학부)
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