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Biomechanical Effect of Coronal Alignment and Ligament Laxity in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Simulation Study

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Issue Date
2022-04
Publisher
Frontiers Research Foundation
Citation
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Vol.10, p. 851495
Abstract
The purposes of this study were to develop a cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty musculoskeletal model, which enables the adjustment of ligament length and implant alignment; validate the model; and evaluate the effects of varus/valgus alignment adjustment and unbalanced medial/lateral ligament laxity during gait. A cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty musculoskeletal model was constructed and validated against the in vivo contact forces. This model was transformed to 2 degrees varus/valgus alignment of femoral or tibial replacement models and 2 degrees medial/lateral laxity models. The contact forces and ligament tensions of the adjusted models were calculated. The contact forces in the model showed good agreement with the in vivo contact forces. Valgus replacement alignment with balanced ligament models showed a lower contact force at the medial compartment than at the neutral alignment model, whereas the varus replacement alignment with balanced ligament models showed a greater contact force at the medial compartment and medial/posterior cruciate ligament tension. The medial laxity with neutral alignment model showed a similar contact force with decreased medial ligament tension compared to the balanced neutral alignment model, whereas the lateral laxity with the neutral alignment model showed a greater contact force and decreased lateral ligament tension. The cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty model was validated using in vivo contact forces (r = 0.939) Two degrees of valgus alignment adjustment with balanced ligament or neutral alignment with 2 degrees of medial laxity can be safe without increasing contact force or ligament tension compared to neutral alignment with a balanced extension gap. However, 2 degrees of varus alignment adjustment with balanced ligament or neutral alignment with 2 degrees of lateral laxity may be unfavorable due to the overloading of the joints and knee ligaments.
ISSN
2296-4185
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/182759
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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