The incidence and clinical features of familial pancreatic cancer in Korea

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Kim, Minseob; Kim, Hongbeom; Han, Youngmin; Sohn, Heeju; Lee, Mirang; Kang, Yoon Hyung; Kim, Hyeong Seok; Kwon, Wooil; Jang, Jin-Young

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Springer Verlag
Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
© 2022 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic SurgeryBackground: A history of familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) increases the incidence of pancreatic cancer (PC) among first-degree relatives. We aimed to determine the incidence of FPC and analyze its clinical characteristics. Methods: Between 2010 and 2014, 1159 patients with PC were included in the study. We evaluated the incidence of FPC, clinicopathological features, and survival prognosis between FPC and non-FPC patients. We further analyzed the clinical outcomes of 389 patients with PC who underwent curative-intent surgery. Results: Familial pancreatic cancer incidence was 3.1% (n = 36) among all patients with PC (n = 1159). FPC was diagnosed at an advanced clinical stage compared to non-FPC (P =.041). The tested variables and 5-year survival rate (5YSR) between FPC and non-FPC after propensity score matching had no differences (5YSR: 4.6% vs 2.6%, P =.834). Among PC patients who underwent curative-intent surgery (n = 389), FPC incidence was 1.8% (n = 7). FPC patients were older than non-FPC patients (75.3 ± 4.7 years vs 64.0 ± 9.9 years, P <.001). 5YSR tended to differ between FPC and non-FPC (14.3% vs 22.5%, P =.07) groups. Conclusion: Familial pancreatic cancer is diagnosed at an advanced stage, and FPC that has undergone resection is associated with older age or worse prognosis. A prospective nationwide pedigree registration system was required.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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