Variability between the trial and final implant measurements during the sensor-guided total knee arthroplasty

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Kim, Jong-Keun; Lee, Do Weon; Ro, Du Hyun; Han, Hyuk-Soo; Lee, Myung Chul

Issue Date
Springer Verlag
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
© 2021, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA).Purpose: Compartmental load-sensing technology has been used in the attempt to achieve optimal soft tissue balance during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study was conducted to investigate the validity of such use of intraoperative sensing technology. Methods: Ninety-three knees scheduled to undergo total knee arthroplasty for knee osteoarthritis with a tibial sensor were prospectively enrolled. Measurements were divided into three groups according to the three different time points of intraoperative load testing: group Trial (with the trial components), group Final (with the definitive cemented implants and an open joint capsule), and group Closed (with the definitive cemented implants and a closed joint capsule). Load measurements and component rotational alignments were documented at 10°, 30°, 45°, 90°, and 120° of flexion for all three groups, and compared. One year postoperatively, the joint line obliquity angle was obtained radiographically in the valgus and varus stress views at 10° and 30° flexion to evaluate the clinical instability. The Knee Society, Hospital for Special Surgery, and Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores were used to determine functional outcomes. The correlations of the above outcomes with intraoperative load were evaluated. Results: There were significant differences in medial and lateral loads at all flexion angles (except at a 120° lateral load) between group Trial and group Final (p < 0.05). Tibial trays were internally rotated to a significantly higher degree in group Final than in group Trial (p = 0.010). The lateral compartmental load significantly decreased after patellar inversion (p = 0.037). There were no correlations of intraoperative load with clinical instability and functional outcomes. Conclusion: Significant variability was observed between the trial and final implant measurements and intraoperative sensing data were not correlated with instability or functional outcomes over a 1-year period. Therefore, intraoperative sensor technology provides limited feedback and clinical efficacy in the adjustment of the soft tissue balance during TKA. Level of evidence: Level II.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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