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Synergistic Antiproliferative Effects of All-Trans Retinoic Acid and Paclitaxel on Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Epithelial Cells

Cited 4 time in Web of Science Cited 3 time in Scopus

Que Thanh Thanh Nguyen; Thi Xoan Hoang; Ryu, Hyunjin; Oh, Kook-Hwan; Kim, Jae Young

Issue Date
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
BioMed Research International, Vol.2021, p. 1242916
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by uncontrollable epithelial cell growth, cyst formation, and kidney malfunction. In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative effects of the treatment with the combination of paclitaxel (PAC) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on ADPKD epithelial cells. Our results show that the combined treatment with 1 nM PAC and 10nM ATRA significantly suppressed ADPKD cell proliferation (20%), while the treatment with ATRA or PAC alone had no such effect. Treatment with PAC and ATRA induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and apoptosis by upregulating p53 and caspase-8 expression and increased the intracellular calcium (Ca2+) level possibly by enhancing Ca2+ uptake via plasma membrane channels. In addition, this treatment suppressed extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling possibly through mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 activation. Thus, the combination of PAC and ATRA can be explored as a potential treatment regimen for ADPKD.
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