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Fatal systemic disorder caused by biallelic variants in FARSA

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dc.contributor.authorKim, Soo Yeon-
dc.contributor.authorKo, Saebom-
dc.contributor.authorKang, Hyunook-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Man Jin-
dc.contributor.authorMoon, Jangsup-
dc.contributor.authorLim, Byung Chan-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Ki Joong-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Murim-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Hee-Jung-
dc.contributor.authorChae, Jong-Hee-
dc.identifier.citationOrphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 17(1):306ko_KR
dc.description.abstractBackground : Aminoacyl tRNA transferases play an essential role in protein biosynthesis, and variants of these enzymes result in various human diseases. FARSA, which encodes the α subunit of cytosolic phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, was recently reported as a suspected causal gene for multiorgan disorder. This study aimed to validate the pathogenicity of variants in the FARSA gene.

Results : Exome sequencing revealed novel compound heterozygous variants in FARSA, P347L and R475Q, from a patient who initially presented neonatal-onset failure to thrive, liver dysfunction, and frequent respiratory infections. His developmental milestones were nearly arrested, and the patient died at 28months of age as a result of progressive hepatic and respiratory failure. The P347L variant was predicted to disrupt heterodimer interaction and failed to form a functional heterotetramer by structural and biochemical analyses. R475 is located at a highly conserved site and is reported to be involved in phenylalanine activation and transfer to tRNA. The R475Q mutant FARSA were co-purified with FARSB, but the mutant enzyme showed an approximately 36% reduction in activity in our assay relative to the wild-type protein. Additional functional analyses on variants from previous reports (N410K, F256L, R404C, E418D, and F277V) were conducted. The R404C variant from a patient waiting for organ transplantation also failed to form tetramers but the E418D, N410K, F256L, and F277V variants did not affect tetramer formation. In the functional assay, the N410K located at the phenylalanine-binding site exhibited no catalytic activity, whereas other variants (E418D, F256L and F277V) exhibited lower ATPase activity than wild-type FARSA at low phenylalanine concentrations.

Conclusions : Our data demonstrated the pathogenicity of biallelic variants in FARSA and suggested the implication of hypomorphic variants in severe phenotypes.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by a research program funded by the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (Grant Nos. 2021-ER0701-00 and 2020-ER6902-00).ko_KR
dc.subjectPhenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase-
dc.subjectAminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-
dc.titleFatal systemic disorder caused by biallelic variants in FARSAko_KR
dc.citation.journaltitleOrphanet Journal of Rare Diseasesko_KR
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s)-
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