Detailed Information

Use of high-flow nasal oxygen in spontaneously breathing pediatric patients undergoing tubeless airway surgery: A prospective observational study

Cited 2 time in Web of Science Cited 2 time in Scopus

Kim, Eun-Hee; Ji, Sang-Hwan; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Kim, Jin-Tae; Jang, Young-Eun; Kwon, Seong-Keun; Kim, Hee-Soo

Issue Date
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Ltd.
Medicine, Vol.101 No.27, p. e29520
The use of high-flow nasal oxygen is gaining popularity in apneic and spontaneously breathing adult patients during anesthesia. This prospective observational study evaluated the effect of high-flow nasal oxygen in maintaining adequate oxygenation and ventilation in spontaneously breathing pediatric patients with dynamic airway obstruction, undergoing tubeless airway surgery. Oxygenation was provided via an age-appropriate, high-flow nasal cannula at a flow rate of 2 L kg(-1) min(-1). Propofol and remifentanil were used to maintain anesthesia while preserving spontaneous respiration. We sought to determine the incidence and risk factors of rescue ventilation. Rescue ventilation with a face mask was performed when the pulse oximetry oxygen saturation was 80 mm Hg. In total, 27 patients were included in the final analysis. Median (interquartile range) of pulse oximetry and transcutaneous carbon dioxide were 100% (99%-100%) and 58.4 mm Hg (51.4-70.3 mm Hg), respectively. Altogether, 9 (33.3%) patients needed rescue ventilation during anesthesia. Of these, 7 patients (25.9%) developed oxygen desaturation (<90%) and 2 patients (7.4%) developed hypercarbia. Patients who required rescue ventilation were significantly younger (8.2 vs 28.8 months, P = .02) and required a longer anesthesia time (55.7 vs 41.0 minutes, P = .04) than those who did not. In conclusion, High-flow nasal oxygen is an alternative technique to maintain oxygenation in children undergoing airway surgeries. However, younger age and longer anesthesia time are significant risk factors leading to the requirement of rescue ventilation in these patients. Further studies with large sample size are required for clinical application of these techniques.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:


Item View & Download Count

  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.