Accuracy of a surface-based fusion method when integrating digital models and the cone beam computed tomography scans with metal artifacts
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- Scientific Reports, Vol.12 No.1, p. 8034
- The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-observer reliability of maxillary digital dental model integration into cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans to reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) skeletodental models for orthognathic patients. This retrospective study consisted of CBCT and digital maxillary dentition images of 20 Class III orthognathic patients. After two repeated fusions of digital cast images with reconstructed CBCT images by a digital engineer and an orthodontist respectively, the 3D coordinate values of the canines, first molars, and central incisors were evaluated. The intra- and inter-observer reliability of 3D positions of maxillary teeth were compared using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Intra-observer reliability of x-, y-, and z-coordinate values of maxillary teeth showed significant and excellent agreement in an engineer (0.946 <= ICC <= 1.000) and an orthodontist (0.876 <= ICC <= 1.000). The inter-observer reliability of the y- and z-coordinates of each tooth was significantly excellent or good, but that of the x-coordinates showed insignificantly poor to moderate agreement. This study showed that the integration of maxillary digital models into CBCT scans was clinically reliable. However, considering the low inter-observer reliability on the x-coordinates of dentition, clinical experience and repeated learning are needed for accurate application of digital skeletodental model in orthognathic patients.
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