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Adjuvant Radiotherapy Versus Surveillance for Grade 2 Intracranial Meningiomas: A Multi-Institutional Propensity Score-Matched Study

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Issue Date
2022-07
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A.
Citation
Frontiers in Oncology, Vol.12, p. 877244
Abstract
PurposeWe aimed to compare the outcomes of adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) and surveillance in patients with grade 2 meningiomas (MNG2) who underwent surgical resection. Materials and MethodsData from four hospitals, in which patients aged >= 18 years underwent Simpson grade 1-4 surgical resection for newly diagnosed MNG2 between 1998 and 2018, were examined in this multicenter retrospective cohort study. Patients receiving ART with conventional fractionation were compared with those undergoing surveillance. Progression-free survival (PFS), progression/recurrence (P/R) were evaluated. ResultsThis study included 518 patients, 158 of whom received ART. The median follow-up duration was 64.9 months. In the total cohort, ART was independently associated with significantly improved PFS (HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.23-0.55; P<0.001) and P/R (HR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.18-0.48; P<0.001). In the propensity score-matched cohort (n=143 in each group), the 5-year PFS rates were 80.8% and 57.7% (P=0.004), and the 5-year P/R rates were 16.5% and 40.0% (P=0.002) in the ART and surveillance groups, respectively. After gross total resection, the 5-year PFS (85.0% vs. 64.7%; P=0.020) and P/R rates (15.2% vs. 32.0%; P=0.035) were significantly better in the ART group than in the surveillance group. A model for P/R was developed using recursive partitioning analysis with surgical extent, tumor size, and Ki-67 index. ART reduced the risk of P/R in the low- (P=0.069), intermediate- (P=0.044), and high-risk groups (P<0.001). Local control was also significantly enhanced by ART among all the risk groups (all P<0.05). ConclusionsART significantly improved PFS and P/R in patients with MNG2, irrespective of the surgical extent, and can be recommended after gross total resection. A prognostic model may guide decision-making for the use of ART.
ISSN
2234-943X
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/184966
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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