Second primary malignancy risk in thyroid cancer and matched patients with and without radioiodine therapy analysis from the observational health data sciences and informatics

Cited 7 time in Web of Science Cited 9 time in Scopus

Kim, Seok; Bang, Ji-In; Boo, Dachung; Kim, Borham; Choi, In Young; Ko, SooJeong; Yoo, Ie Ryung; Kim, Kwangsoo; Kim, Junmo; Joo, YoungHwan; Ryoo, Hyun Gee; Paeng, Jin Chul; Park, Jung Mi; Jang, Woncheol; Kim, Byungwon; Chung, Yangha; Yang, Dongyoon; Yoo, Sooyoung; Lee, Ho-Young

Issue Date
Springer Verlag
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol.49 No.10, pp.3547-3556
Purpose Risk of second primary malignancy (SPM) after radioiodine (RAI) therapy has been continuously debated. The aim of this study is to identify the risk of SPM in thyroid cancer (TC) patients with RAI compared with TC patients without RAI from matched cohort. Methods Retrospective propensity-matched cohorts were constructed across 4 hospitals in South Korea via the Observational Health Data Science and Informatics (OHDSI), and electrical health records were converted to data of common data model. TC patients who received RAI therapy constituted the target group, whereas TC patients without RAI therapy constituted the comparative group with 1:1 propensity score matching. Hazard ratio (HR) by Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the risk of SPM, and meta-analysis was performed to pool the HRs. Results Among a total of 24,318 patients, 5,374 patients from each group were analyzed (mean age 48.9 and 49.2, women 79.4% and 79.5% for target and comparative group, respectively). All hazard ratios of SPM in TC patients with RAI therapy were <= 1 based on 95% confidence interval(CI) from full or subgroup analyses according to thyroid cancer stage, time-at-risk period, SPM subtype (hematologic or non-hematologic), and initial age (< 30 years or >= 30 years). The HR within the target group was not significantly higher (< 1) in patients who received over 3.7 GBq of I-131 compared with patients who received less than 3.7 GBq of I-131 based on 95% CI. Conclusion There was no significant difference of the SPM risk between TC patients treated with I-131 and propensity-matched TC patients without I-131 therapy.
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College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Statistics (통계학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_통계학과)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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