Clinicopathological indicators for TERT promoter mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma

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Na, Hee Young; Yu, Hyeong Won; Kim, Woochul; Moon, Jae Hoon; Ahn, Chang Ho; Choi, Sang Il; Kim, Yeo Koon; Choi, June Young; Park, So Yeon

Issue Date
Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Clinical Endocrinology, Vol.97 No.1, pp.106-115
Objective Mutations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter have been reported as a convincing prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). We aimed to investigate the frequency of TERT promoter mutations in patients with thyroid cancer and identify the clinicopathological factors associated with them in PTCs. Design A total of 1086 consecutive cases of thyroid cancer composed of mostly PTCs were included in this study. TERT promoter and BRAF mutations were detected by pyrosequencing and their associations with clinicopathological features of tumour were analyzed. Results TERT promoter mutations were observed in 1.9% of PTCs, 6.7% of follicular thyroid carcinomas, 8.3% of Hurthle cell carcinomas and 25.0% of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas and in a single case of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. In PTCs, aggressive clinicopathological features, higher stage and BRAF V600E mutation were all found to be associated with TERT promoter mutations. Distant metastasis and disease recurrence were more frequent in TERT promoter-mutated PTCs. In multivariate analysis, age >= 55 years, tall cell variant, mitoses >= 3/10 high-power fields, tumour necrosis, and gross extrathyroidal extension (ETE) were identified as independent factors associated with TERT promoter mutations in PTCs. Conclusions This study revealed a relatively low frequency of TERT promoter mutations in Korean patients with PTC. Certain clinicopathological features including old age, tall cell variant, increased mitoses, tumour necrosis and gross ETE were found to be indicative of TERT promoter mutations in PTCs, suggesting that mutational analysis in a particular group of PTCs can be effective in regions with low mutation rates.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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