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Efficacy test of a plant-based porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) virus-like particle vaccine against four PCV2 genotypes (2a, 2b, 2d, and 2e) in pigs

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Issue Date
2022-09
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, Vol.272, p. 109512
Abstract
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a recombinant porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) vaccine based from a Nicotiana benthamiana expression system against four different co-challenges with PCV2 genotypes (2a, 2b, 2d, and 2e) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Pigs in the vaccinated groups each received a 1.0 mL intramuscularly of plant-based PCV2a vaccine in the neck muscle at 21 days of age. Vaccinates were then co-challenged with a combination of one of four PCV2 genotypes (2a, 2b, 2d, and 2e) and PRRSV at 42 days of age. Regardless of the PCV2 genotype used for challenge, vaccination significantly reduced clinical signs, reduced the level of PCV2 load in both blood and lymph nodes, and reduced the severity of lymphoid lesions in pigs. Vaccination resulted in significantly higher titers of neutralizing antibody against the corresponding PCV2 genotype evaluated and increased the frequency of PCV2-specific interferon-gamma secreting cells. The results of this study demonstrated that a plant-based PCV2 vaccine conferred protection against a dual challenge with four different PCV2 genotypes when combined with PRRSV based on clinical, virological, immunological and pathological evaluation.
ISSN
0378-1135
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/185044
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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