Activation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells and CD4(+) T cell differentiation by outer membrane vesicles of periodontal pathogens

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Lim, Younggap; Kim, Hyun Young; An, Sun-Jin; Choi, Bong-Kyu

Issue Date
Co-Action Publishing
Journal of Oral Microbiology, Vol.14 No.1, p. 2123550
Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) released from gram-negative bacteria harbor diverse molecules to communicate with host cells. In this study, we evaluated the OMVs of periodontal pathogens for their effects on the activation of dendritic cells and CD4(+) T cell differentiation. OMVs of Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277, Treponema denticola ATCC 33521, and Tannerella forsythia ATCC 43037 ('red complex' pathogens) were isolated by density gradient ultracentrifugation. Mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) were treated with OMVs, and OMV-primed BMDCs were cocultured with naive CD4(+) T cells to analyze the polarization of effector helper T cells. The OMVs upregulated maturation markers, including MHC class II, CD80, CD86, and CD40, on BMDCs. OMVs of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia induced the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-23, and IL-12p70 in BMDCs. In T. denticola OMV-primed BMDCs, proinflammatory cytokines were poorly detected, which may be attributed to posttranslational degradation due to the highly proteolytic nature of OMVs. In cocultures of naive CD4(+) T cells with OMV-primed BMDCs, OMVs of P. gingivalis and T. denticola induced the differentiation of Th17 cells, whereas T. forsythia OMVs induced Th1 cell differentiation. These results demonstrate that OMVs derived from the 'red complex' periodontal pathogens induce maturation of BMDCs and differentiation of naive CD4(+) T cells to Th1 or Th17 cells.
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dental Science(치의과학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의과학과)
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