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Prediction and clinical impact of delayed lymphopenia after chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Cited 2 time in Web of Science Cited 2 time in Scopus

Kang, Byung-Hee; Li, Xue; Son, Jaeman; Song, Changhoon; Kang, Hyun-Cheol; Kim, Hak Jae; Wu, Hong-Gyun; Lee, Joo Ho

Issue Date
Frontiers Media S.A.
Frontiers in Oncology, Vol.12, p. 891221
IntroductionThe dosimetric factors of radiotherapy have an acute impact on the host immune system during chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, even after CRT, a substantial number of patients remain immunosuppressed with delayed lymphopenia. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate clinical and dose-volumetric predictors of delayed lymphopenia after CRT in locally advanced NSCLC. Materials and methodsWe retrospectively reviewed 272 patients with locally advanced NSCLC who received definitive CRT from January 2012 to August 2020. Differential blood count data, including serum albumin values, were obtained at baseline, during and at first follow up after CRT. Acute and delayed lymphopenia events were defined as grade III/IV lymphopenia developed during or 4-12 weeks after CRT completion, which accounted for 84% and 10% of cases, respectively. Dose-volume histogram parameters for planned target volume, whole body, heart, lung, great vessels, spleen, esophagus and thoracic vertebral bodies were evaluated. ResultsMultivariate analysis revealed that patients with delayed lymphopenia were associated with inferior overall survival (HR 2.53, P = 0.001) and progression-free survival (HR 1.98, P = 0.006). However, there was no significant survival difference between groups stratified by acute lymphopenia. On multivariable logistic regression models, lung V5, baseline ALC, during-CRT ALC, and albumin nadir were significant predictors for delayed lymphopenia. Furthermore, the nomogram for delayed lymphopenia based on these variables had good discrimination (area under the curve, 0.905). ConclusionsIn this study, we investigated the prognostic significance of delayed lymphopenia and identified clinico-dosimetric parameters to predict delayed lymphopenia.
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