S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (건축학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_건축학과)
주택지 가로와 필지내 잔여공지의 관계유형 및 특성에 대한 연구
Neighborhood Streets and Left-over Lot Spaces: An Examination of Their Characteristics Relationships
- 최이명; 박소현
- Issue Date
- 대한건축학회논문집 계획계, 23(7), pp. 145-152
- 대세대, 다가구 주택; 저층밀집주거지; 가로유형; 잔여공지; 가로와 공지의 관계유형; Neighborhood Streets; Left-over Lot Spaces; Multi-household; Multi-family Homes; Small Open Space; Street Type
- Neighborhood streets in the single-family housing areas in Korea used to have relatively simple street dimensions, in which the side of neighborhood streets were largely defined by the fences surrounding each lot of single-detached homes. Since 1984, however, when multi-household or multi-family homes, called Da-Ga-Goo or Da-Se-Dae Jootaek in Korean, were allowed to be constructed on the single-family housing lots, the fences got eliminated and the street dimensions were extended to the private lot spaces that were left over after building those low-rise, multi-family homes. This paper examines the relationships between the neighborhood streets and the left-over lot spaces. The goal is to characterize the street dimensions in the current residential neighborhoods of low-rise, multi-family homes, which drastically replaced the previous single-detached homes. Based on the literature reviews of related issues and site analyses of 250 cases of joints between neighborhood streets and left-over lot spaces, this paper draws five types (from Type A through Type E) representing their characteristic relationships between neighborhood streets and left-over lot spaces. The implications of the five drawn types, among others, could be summarized as follows: 1) Evolving from Type A to Type D, the physical borders between the streets and the left-over lot spaces disappears. This could be interpreted as the gradual increase of each lot's openness to the public streets, changing characters from the "private" to the "semi-public". 2) While there are not remarkable variances in terms of using the five different types, there are micro-level differences of user behaviors observed in each type. The contributions of this paper include that it extracts the representative five types of characteristic relationships explaining the neighborhood streets in low-rise, multi-family residential areas, as well as their meanings in the micro-scale. Although there are limits to generalize, the findings of this paper, when enhanced further in the future researches, could be used as foundations for articulating neighborhood street forms in Korean residential areas of Da-Ga-Goo and Da-Se-Dae homes.