S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (건축학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_건축학과)
ICOMOS 건축문화재 보존원칙을 통해 살펴본 경복궁 홍례문 재건축과 근정전 수리의 문제점에 대한 연구
A Study on Problems of the Reconstruction of Heungnyemun and Repair of Geunjeongjeon in Gyeongbok Palace through ICOMOS Documents
- 최종덕; 박소현
- Issue Date
- 대한건축학회논문집 계획계, 25(3), pp.139-150
- The purpose of this study is to examine reconstruction of the Heungnye Gate and the repair work of the Geunjeong Hall in the Gyeongbok Palace from the perspective of ICOMOS documents on architectural heritage. Some of the controversial issues, having been raised from the two projects, are selected and analyzed based on related ICOMOS documents.
The principles of ICOMOS documents are used to analyze whether significant decisions, already made or to be made while reconstructing or repairing the two traditional wooden structures, are justifiable or not. According to the study results, the demolition of the former Japanese Government-General Building was inevitable for the sake of authenticity of the structure. Second, it is inappropriate to use imported woods and timbers in reconstructing traditional buildings. Third, making alterations to the original form, such as changing roof structure and making posts thicker than before, is not different from tearing up historic documents. Fourth, using modern tiles is incompatible with the ICOMOS principles that put a great importance on aesthetic values and original construction techniques. Fifth, incorporating wooden elements with synthetic resin goes against the principle of reversibility and is not traditional techniques. Lastly, using machine tools and electric equipment is to undermine the authenticity of traditional wooden structures where craftsmanship is an indispensable factor. It also deprives younger carpenters of a chance to learn traditional building techniques, preventing the transmission of priceless techniques to next generations.