S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소) Seoul Journal of Economics (SJE) Seoul Journal of Economics vol.36 no.1~4 (2023)
Acquisitions by Business Group and Technology Transfer
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- Issue Date
- Seoul Journal of Economics Vol.36 no.1, pp. 137-164
- Acquisitions ; Patent transactions ; Innovation
- Two important opportunities for accelerating the growth of newly established firms are initial public offerings and acquisitions. This study focuses on the acquisition of a firm and its subsequent transformation into a subsidiary by business groups and investigates how such governance facilitates technology transactions (i.e., transfer of patent rights) and firm growth in
Japan. The analysis reveals that such acquisitions can lead to increased technology transactions even when the transactions
directly related to the acquisition are excluded and the transactions with firms outside the business group are included. However, the increase in technology transactions is limited mainly to wholly owned subsidiaries. The transfer of patent rights to a subsidiary is accompanied by an improvement in its sales, R&D, and productivity, controlling for the increase in its capital base. The sales and other performance of the business group also improve with the number of acquisitions.
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