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The expression of TIMPs in cryo-preserved and freeze-dried amniotic membrane

Cited 26 time in Web of Science Cited 31 time in Scopus

Koh, Jae Woong; Shin, Young Joo; Oh, Joo Youn; Kim, Mee Kum; Ko, Jung Hwa; Hwang, Jeong Min; Wee, Won Ryang; Lee, Jin Hak

Issue Date
Swets & Zeitlinger
Current Eye Research, Vol.32 No.7-8, pp.611-616
Purpose: To investigate the change of tissue inhibitor of metallo-proteinase (TIMP) in cryopreserved amniotic membranes (AM) according to preservation time, and to evaluate the expression of TIMP in freeze-dried AM. Methods: Cryopreserved or fresh AMs were incubated in dispase II for two hours at 37 degrees C and their epithelial cells were scraped with a cell scraper. Remaining stromal AM was minced and frozen in liquid nitrogen, and then treated with 0.1% diethyl pyrocarbonate. The mRNA levels of TIMP-1 and -2 were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in epithelial and stromal cells of fresh AM, AMs cryopreserved for 6 and 12 months, and freeze dried AM, respectively. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining were performed to assess the expression of TIMP-1 in fresh, cryopreserved, and freeze dried AMs. Results: RT-PCR revealed that mRNAs of TIMP-1 and -2 were expressed in the amniotic epithelial cells of both fresh and cryopreserved AMs, while the stromal cells of fresh or cryopreseved AMs and freeze-dried AM showed higher expression of TIMP-1 than TIMP-2 mRNA. On Western blot analysis, the level of TIMP-1 was more in fresh AMs than in cryopreserved or freeze-dried AM, but it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: TIMP-1 was expressed in cryopreserved AMs until 12 months, and the amount of expression was comparable to that in fresh AMs.
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