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서양 중세교회의 장애인 인식: 토마스 아퀴나스, 성 루이 9세, 여성 신비가들을 중심으로

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Authors

손은실

Issue Date
2013
Publisher
한국교회사학회
Citation
한국교회사학회지, Vol.35, pp.105-131
Keywords
손상장애지적 장애토마스 아퀴나스루이 9세중세 여성 신비가중세교회ImpairmentDisabilityintellectual disabilityThomas AquinasSt. Louis IXMedieval Women MysticsMedieval Church
Abstract
This paper examines how the disabled were considered in the Western Medieval Church. It centers on Thomas Aquinas, St. Louis IX, and some women mystics. The results of this research can be summarized as follows. First, a disability was not always associated with a sin in the Medieval Church. Secondly, the intellectually disabled, who lack cognitive ability to understand the meaning of the sacrament, were not excluded from the Sacrament of Baptism. Thirdly, contrary to the rigorous prohibition against the disabled performing sacred rituals in Leviticus, medieval priests were not prevented from holding their office just because of physical impairment. Finally, disabled people were not considered miserable or beneficiaries of charity but spiritually valuable and beneficial in maintaining a spiritually healthy society. medieval societies saw a link between sin and disability to the extent that the Church sanctioned the abuse of disabled people turns out to be a prejudice. On the contrary, the disabled in the Medieval Church were never excluded from the order of grace. As H.-J. Stiker, the author of a classical monograph on the history of disability, said, disabled people in the Middle Ages, when compared with those in the previous and following ages, can
be found under the influence of ethical and divine love.
ISSN
2713-9956
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/192469
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Religious Studies (종교학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_종교학과)
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