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Red tides in Masan Bay, Korea in 2004-2005: II. Daily variations in the abundance of heterotrophic protists and their grazing impact on red-tide organisms

Cited 43 time in Web of Science Cited 49 time in Scopus

Yoo, Yeong Du; Jeong, Hae Jin; Kim, Jae Seong; Kim, Tae Hoon; Kim, Jong Hyeok; Seong, Kyeong Ah; Lee, Seung Hyun; Kang, Nam Seon; Park, Jong Woo; Park, Jaeyeon; Yoon, Eun Young; Yih, Won Ho

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Elsevier BV
Harmful Algae, Vol.30 No.SUPPL.1, pp.S89-S101
To investigate the role of heterotrophic protists in the dynamics of red tides in Masan Bay, Korea, we measured the abundance of heterotrophic dinoflagellates, ciliates, and heterotrophic nanoflagellates in daily samples collected from June 2004 to May 2005. The abundance of heterotrophic dinoflagellates, tintinnid ciliates, naked ciliates, and heterotrophic nanoflagellates were high when red tides occurred, with maximum biomass of 1916, 1263, 1013, and 141 ng C ml(-1), respectively. The HTDs Gyrodinium dominans/Gyrodinium moestrupii, Gyrodinium glaucum, Protoperidinium bipes, and Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates (PLDs) as well as naked ciliates (<= 50 mu m) were present nearly all year and their maximum biomass was 235, 48, 298, 1020, and 1013 ng C ml(-1), respectively. PLDs were the most abundant taxa during red tides dominated by Akashiwo sanguinea, Heterocapsa rotundata, summer populations of Prorocentrum minimum, Heterosigma akashiwo, Eutreptiella gymnastica, and cryptophytes, while G. dominans/G. moestrupii were most abundant during red tides dominated by Ceratium furca and Dinophysis acuminata. Naked ciliates were most abundant during red tides dominated by Cochlodinium polykrikoides, Prorocentrum triestinum, and winter populations of P. minimum. The maximum calculated grazing coefficients for each dominant heterotrophic protistan grazer on their respective co-occurring red-tide organisms in Masan Bay ranged from 0.0 to 6.8 h(-1). The results of the present study suggest that populations of certain heterotrophic protistan grazers may have considerable potential grazing impact on populations of red-tide organisms in Masan Bay. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Research Area Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Biological Oceanography, Plankton


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