A genetic characterization of Korean waxy maize (Zea mays L.) landraces having flowering time variation by RNA sequencing

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Yi, Gibum; Shin, Hosub; Yu, Seung Hwa; Park, Jeong Eun; Kang, Taegu; Huh, Jin Hoe

Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Scientific Reports, Vol.9 No.1, p. 20023
Maize is the second-most produced crop in the Korean peninsula and has been continuously cultivated since the middle of the 16th century, when it was originally introduced from China. Even with this extensive cultivation history, the diversity and properties of Korean landraces have not been investigated at the nucleotide sequence level. We collected 12 landraces with various flowering times and performed RNA-seq in the early vegetative stage. The transcriptomes of 12 Korean landraces have been analyzed for their genetic variations in coding sequence and genetic relationships to other maize germplasm. The Korean landraces showed specific genetic characteristics and were closely related to a Chinese inbred line. Flowering-time related gene profiles pointed to multiple causes for the variation of flowering time within Korean landraces; the profiles revealed significant positive and negative correlations among genes, allowing us to infer possible mechanisms for flowering time variation in maize. Our results demonstrate the value of transcriptome-based genetic and gene expression profiles for information on possible breeding resources, which is particularly needed in Korean waxy landraces.
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Agriculture, Forestry and Bioresources (농림생물자원학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_농림생물자원학부)
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