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Enhancement of epigenetic reprogramming status of porcine cloned embryos with zebularine, a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor

Cited 7 time in Web of Science Cited 8 time in Scopus

Taweechaipaisankul, Anukul; Kim, Geon A.; Jin, Jun-Xue; Lee, Sanghoon; Qasim, Muhammad; Kim, Eui Hyun; Lee, Byeong Chun

Issue Date
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Molecular Reproduction and Development, Vol.86 No.8, pp.1013-1022
Aberrant epigenetic reprogramming is known to be a major cause of inefficient somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in pigs, and use of epigenetic modification agents, such as DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTis), is a promising approach for enhancing SCNT efficacy. Here, we attempted to find the optimal condition of zebularine (Zb), a DNMTi, treatment on porcine SCNT embryos during in vitro culture (IVC). As results, treatment with 5 nM Zb for 24 hr showed the highest rate of embryo development to blastocyst compared to other groups (p < .05). Also, the relative intensities of global DNA methylation levels of anti-5-methylcytosine in pseudo-pronuclear (PNC), 2-cell and 4-cell stages were significantly lower in the Zb-treated group (p < .05), however, changes in methylation levels of centromeric satellite repeat were noted only in PNC and blastocyst stages. In addition, significant positive alterations in the relative expression of genes related to pluripotency (OCT4 and SOX2), histone acetylation (HAT1, HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3) and DNA methylation (DNMT1 and DNMT3a) were observed compared to the control (p < .05). In conclusion, we found that Zb could modify DNA methylation levels in the early stages of porcine SCNT embryos and promote their developmental competence.
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