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The Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior: Study rationale, methodology, and baseline sample characteristics of a long-term, large-scale, multi-center, prospective, naturalistic, observational cohort study

Cited 6 time in Web of Science Cited 7 time in Scopus
Authors

Park, C. Hyung Keun; Lee, Jae Won; Lee, Sang Yeol; Moon, Jung-Joon; Jeon, Dong-Wook; Shim, Se-Hoon; Cho, Seong-Jin; Kim, Shin Gyeom; Lee, Jeewon; Paik, Jong-Woo; Kim, Min-Hyuk; Kim, Seokho; Park, Jae-Hyun; You, Sungeun; Jeon, Hong Jin; Rhee, Sang Jin; Ahn, Yong Min

Issue Date
2019-01
Publisher
W. B. Saunders Co., Ltd.
Citation
Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol.88, pp.29-38
Abstract
Background: The Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior (K-COMPASS) study is a prospective, naturalistic, observational cohort study, aiming to identify predictors of suicide attempt and suicide characteristics in the Korean suicidal population. The findings intend to contribute to a thorough understanding of suicidal phenomena and development of suicide prevention guidelines. The present cross-section study examines the study rationale, methodology, and baseline characteristics of the participants. Methods: Participants were enrolled via the hospital and community gateways, establishing the hospital-based cohort (HC) and community-based cohort (CC), respectively. Baseline assessment was conducted on sociodemographic, clinical, diagnostic, and psychopathological aspects. The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale was used to investigate suicidality. Results: A total of 800 suicidal people aged 15 years or older were enrolled from 8 university hospitals and 8 community mental health welfare centers (CMHWCs), among whom 480 (60%) were suicidal ideators and 320 (40%) were attempters. The ideators comprised 207 CC and 273 HC participants, whereas the attempters, 34 CC and 286 HC participants. Despite their lower severity in some measures, including suicidal ideation, compared with their HC counterparts, the CC participants within each group of ideators or attempters presented clinically significant psychopathology. Moreover, alcohol use problems and past suicide attempt were more likely to be found in CC participants. Only 11.1% to 21.6% of the participants in each of the four groups (defined by the cohorts and the ideators/attempters) were on any type of psychiatric treatment. Conclusions: Suicidal visitors to CMHWCs need to be as closely monitored as suicidal patients in university hospitals, especially considering their association with problem drinking and past suicide attempt. A cautious assumption is that the high suicide rate in Korea might be partly attributable to the low proportion of patients receiving psychiatric services. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0010-440X
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/198308
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.11.003
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