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Cyclic Fatigue and Torsional Resistance of Two New Nickel-Titanium Instruments Used in Reciprocation Motion: Reciproc Versus WaveOne

Cited 166 time in Web of Science Cited 254 time in Scopus

Kim, Hyeon-Cheol; Kwak, Sang-Won; Cheung, Gary Shun-Pan; Ko, Dae-Hoon; Chung, Se-Min; Lee, WooCheol

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Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Ltd.
Journal of Endodontics, Vol.38 No.4, pp.541-544
Introduction: The use of reciprocating movement was claimed to increase the resistance of nickel-titanium (NiTi) file to fatigue in comparison with continuous rotation. Recently 2 new brands of NiTi files have been marketed for use in a RM mode. The purpose of this study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance and torsional resistance of these 2 files, Reciproc and WaveOne. Methods: Cyclic fatigue test with a simultaneous pecking motion was performed with the instrument (n = 10 each) operating in the recommended reciprocation motion until fracture for the Reciproc R25 and Wave One Primary files. Pro Taper F2 was tested in continuous rotation to serve as a control for comparison. The number of cycles to fracture (NCF) was determined by measuring the time to fracture. The length of the fragment was measured and the fracture surface was examined by using scanning electron microscopy. Torsional strength was measured by using a torsiometer after fixing the apical 5 mm of the instrument rigidly. Statistical analysis was performed by using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The results showed that Reciproc had a higher NCF and Wave One had a higher torsional resistance than the others. Both reciprocating files demonstrated significantly higher cyclic fatigue and torsional resistances than Pro Taper (P < .05). The fractographic analysis showed typical features of cyclic fatigue and torsional failure for all instruments. Conclusions: The 2 brands of NiTi file for use with a reciprocation motion seem to have superior mechanical properties. (J Endod 2012;38:541-544)
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