Trastuzumab deruxtecan in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-expressing salivary gland carcinoma: a pooled analysis of two phase I studies

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Takahashi, Shunji; Bando, Hideaki; Kinoshita, Ichiro; Modi, Shanu; Tsurutani, Junji; Bang, Yung-Jue; Sato, Yuta; Nakatani, Shunsuke; Lee, Caleb; Sugihara, Masahiro; Okuda, Yasuyuki; Iwata, Hiroji

Issue Date
Oxford University Press
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Background: HER2-expressing salivary gland carcinoma (SGC) is associated with poor prognosis. Trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd, DS-8201) has shown evidence of antitumor activity for several HER2-expressing solid tumors in multiple studies. This study aimed to present the efficacy and safety of T-DXd in patients with HER2-expressing SGC from a pooled analysis. Methods: Patients with HER2-expressing SGC were pooled from two phase I, open-label studies of T-DXd: a two-phase, multiple-dose, first-in-human study (NCT02564900) and a single-sequence crossover drug-drug interaction study (NCT03383692). Endpoints included efficacy (objective response rate [ORR], duration of response [DoR] and progression-free survival [PFS]) and safety. Results: This pooled analysis included 17 patients with SGC (median age: 57 years; male: 88.2%); median (range) follow-up duration was 12.0 (2.3-34.8) months. Among these patients, 14 had received prior HER2-targeted agents and 13 had undergone prior radiotherapy. The investigator-assessed confirmed ORR was 58.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 32.9-81.6). The median (95% CI) DoR and PFS were 17.6 months (4.0 to not evaluable [NE]) and 20.5 months (11.1-NE), respectively. All 17 patients reported treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); 76.5% reported TEAEs of grade >= 3. The most common TEAEs were decreased appetite (94.1%), nausea (88.2%) and neutrophil count decreased (76.5%). Of the 17 patients, five (29.4%) reported adjudicated drug-related interstitial lung disease (grade 1, n = 3; grade 2, n =1; grade 3, n = 1). Conclusion: The results of this pooled analysis provide evidence that clinical benefit is achievable with T-DXd in patients with HER2-expressing SGC.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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