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Comparison of in vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of vancomycin products available in Korea

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Kim, Hee Kyung; Choi, Su-Mi; Kang, Gaeun; Park, Kyung-Hwa; Lee, Dong-Gun; Park, Wan-Beom; Rhee, Su-jin; Lee, SeungHwan; Jung, Sook-In; Tang, Hee-Chang

Issue Date
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.61 No.4, pp.301-309
Purpose: Few studies have been investigated the in vivo efficacy of generic vancomycin products available outside of the United States. In this study, we aimed to compare the in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of five generic vancomycin products available in Korea with those of the innovator. Materials and Methods: The in vitro vancomycin purity of each product was examined using high-pressure liquid chromatography. Single-dose PK analyses were performed using neutropenic mice. The in vivo efficacy of vancomycin products was compared with that of the innovator in dose-effect experiments (25 to 400 mg/kg per day) using a thigh-infection model with neutropenic mice. Results: Generic products had a lower proportion of vancomycin B (range: 90.3-93.8%) and a higher proportion of impurities (range: 6.2-9.7%) than the innovator (94.5% and 5.5%, respectively). In an in vivo single-dose PK study, the maximum concentration (C.) values of each generic were lower than that of the innovator, and the geographic mean area under the curve ratios of four generics were significantly lower than that of the innovator (all p<0.1). In the thigh-infection model, the maximum efficacies of generic products reflected in maximal effect (E-max) values were not significantly different from the innovatot However, the PD profile curves of some generic products differed significantly from that of the innovator in mice injected with a high level of Mu3 (all p <= 0.05). Conclusion: Some generic vancomycin products available in Korea showed inferior PK and PD profiles, especially in mice infected with hetero-vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
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  • College of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine
Research Area Immunology, Infectious Diseases, Vaccination, 감염병, 바이러스질환, 예방접종


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