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Evaluation of soft tissue changes around the lips after mandibular setback surgery with minimal orthodontics using three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry

Cited 9 time in Web of Science Cited 10 time in Scopus

Kim, Young Kyun; Moon, Sang Woon; Yun, Pil Young; Lee, You Sun; Larson, Brent E.; Lee, Nam Ki

Issue Date
W. B. Saunders Co., Ltd.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol.74 No.5, pp.1044-1054
Purpose: Most reports on the surgery-first approach in skeletal Class III malocclusion have focused on the skeletal changes. The present study evaluated the soft tissue changes around the lips over time after mandibular setback surgery (MS) with minimal orthodontics (MO) using 3-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective study of patients with mandibular prognathism who had undergone MS-MO. Lateral cephalograms and 3D photographs were taken before (T0) and 1 (T1) and 6 months (T2) after surgery and were superimposed. A paired t test, independent t test, and simple linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the hard and soft tissue changes and their correlation. Results: The sample included 15 patients (7 males and 8 females). The soft tissue landmarks on the X-axis (left-right) showed no significant positional changes. The landmarks of the lips and oral commissure on the Y-axis (vertical) moved downward until T2; however, most of these changes did not differ significantly over time (T1 compared with T0 and T2 compared with T0). The landmarks in the lower lip, oral commissure, and soft tissue chin on the Z-axis (anterior-posterior) showed posterior movement at T1 and T2. In contrast, the lower lip (labiale inferius, 1.67 mm) and soft tissue chin (soft tissue B point, 1.28 mm; soft tissue pogonion, 1.61 mm) moved significantly forward from T1 to T2, but had no correlation with the anterior relapse of the mandible. Conclusions: Protrusion of the lower lip and soft tissue chin with forward and upward relapse of the mandible during postoperative orthodontics was observed. The results from the present study suggest that 3D stereophotogrammetry can be useful for evaluating the perioral soft tissue changes over time in orthognathic surgery patients. (C) 2016 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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Yun, Pil Young윤필영
  • School of Dentistry
  • Department of Dentistry
Research Area Dentistry, Oral Pathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 구강병리학, 구강악안면외과학, 치의학


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