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The effects of estrogen receptor α polymorphism on the prevalence of symptomatic temporomandibular disorders

Cited 22 time in Web of Science Cited 21 time in Scopus

Kim, Bum Soo; Kim, Young Kyun; Yun, Pil Young; Lee, Eunha; Bae, Jihyun

Issue Date
W. B. Saunders Co., Ltd.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol.68 No.12, pp.2975-2979
Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify any association between variants of the polymorphic estrogen receptor gene and various symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) including pain in the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscles, joint crepitus, limited range of jaw movement, and bone changes in the condylar head. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four patients with TMD were selected according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD for the study group. Sixty-four patients without TMD were selected as the control group. Genomic DNA was extracted from the epithelial layer of buccal mucosa. After amplification by polymerase chain reaction, direct haplotyping was undertaken to study the restriction fragment length polymorphism of PvuII and XbaI for the alpha estrogen receptor. Genomic prevalences in each of the symptom categories were analyzed by use of the chi(2) test. Results: The haplotypes PX, Px, and px constituted 23.0%, 18.9%, and 58.1%, respectively, of the total alpha estrogen receptor alleles in the study group. The haplotype Px was found to be relatively more prevalent in subjects who had mouth opening limitation, and the haplotype PX was more prevalent in those patients with condylar head bone changes. However, neither of these observations carried statistical significance. Conclusion: Although certain symptoms of TMD were found to have a relatively higher prevalence of one form or another of the estrogen receptor allele, no haplotype was confirmed to be a significant marker of TMD risk. (C) 2010 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:2975-2979, 2010
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Yun, Pil Young윤필영
  • School of Dentistry
  • Department of Dentistry
Research Area Dentistry, Oral Pathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 구강병리학, 구강악안면외과학, 치의학


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