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Progress and status of MJO simulation in climate models and process-oriented diagnostics

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Jiang, Xianan; Kim, Daehyun; Maloney, Eric D.

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World Scientific Publishing Co.
Multiscale Global Monsoon System, The, pp.315-326
Despite its tremendous influence on extreme weather worldwide, realistic simulations of the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) have been a grand challenge for global climate models. In the first part of this chapter, a brief overview of recent advances in modeling the MJO is provided by particularly highlighting improved MJO simulations achieved through implementations of stochastic cumulus approaches. In the second part, the most recent community efforts in the development of process-oriented diagnostics and metrics for MJO simulations are briefly reviewed. These diagnostics and metrics have been built upon the process understanding of key MJO physics, providing important guidance to expose critical model deficiencies in simulating the MJO. These processes include convective sensitivity to environment moisture, convection-circulation interactions, cloud-radiation feedbacks, and large-scale control (e.g., the lower-tropospheric mean moisture pattern).
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  • College of Natural Sciences
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Research Area Climate Change, Earth & Environmental Data, Severe Weather, 기후과학, 위험기상, 지구환경 데이터과학


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