S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) English Language and Literature (영어영문학과) SNU working papers in English language and linguistics SNU working papers in English language and linguistics Vol.01 (2002)
An Analysis of It-Cleft Constructions
- Yoon, JungJoo
- Issue Date
- SNU Working Papers in English Language and Linguistics, Vol.1, pp. 142-160
- The main purpose of this paper is to investigate it-cleft constructions in English and propose a non-derivational, lexicalist analysis of the constructions within the framework of HPSG. Based on Pollard & Sag's (1994) classification of strong and weak UDCs, I argue that there are two types of cleft clauses in it-cleft constructions, i.e., wh-cleft-clause and bare-cleft-clause, which have properties of strong UDCs and weak UDCs, respectively. In this paper, the two types of it-cleft constructions are accounted for by positing two different lexical entries of becleft. It-cleft constructions containing wh-cleft-clause, which have not been dealt with in the previous HPSG analyses, are analyzed by introducing a new feature CLE to distinguish wh-cleft clauses from other types of clauses. I propose that in the lexical entry of becleft for wh-cleft-clause, the CLE value has the same index as the focused phrase whereas in the lexical entry of becleft for bare-cleft-clause, the focused element and the SLASH value have the same index.