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Water soluble extracts from Actinidia arguta, PG102, attenuates house dust mite-induced murine atopic dermatitis by inhibiting the mTOR pathway with Treg generation

Cited 18 time in Web of Science Cited 18 time in Scopus

Bae, Min-Jung; Lim, Seonung; Lee, Doo Suk; Ko, Kyoung Ryang; Lee, Wonwoo; Kim, Sunyoung

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Elsevier BV
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol.193, pp.96-106
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Actinidia arguta is widespread in northeastern Asia, being found in Siberia, Korea, Japan, and northern China. These fruits have been documented to regulate the uncontrolled heat of body resulting in various allergic diseases in the Korean traditional medicine. PG102, a water-soluble extract from an edible fruit, A. arguta, has been previously shown to control various factors involved in allergic pathogenesis. Aim of the study: In this study, we investigated whether PG102 prevents chronic allergic reactions via the generation of Tregs, which play a preventive role in the pathogenesis of allergic disease. Methods and results: In dust mite extract-induced chronic atopic dermatitis, orally administered PG102 inhibited symptoms of dermatitis, including ear swelling and erythema, and decreased lymphocyte infiltration into the inflamed region. Moreover, PG102 reduced inflammatory T cell responses and increased the expression levels of Foxp3 and other Treg-related genes. PG102 treatment enhanced the induction of CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs from naive CD4+CD62L+ T cells, probably via the inhibition of mTOR activation and the phosphorylation of STAT5 rather than using the TGF-beta signaling pathway. Conclusion: PG102 may have potential as an orally active immunosuppressor for preventing chronic inflammatory diseases. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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