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Polytope sector-based synthesis and analysis of microarchitectured materials with tunable thermal conductivity and expansion

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Hopkins, Jonathan B.; Lee, Howon; Fang, Nicholas X.; Spadaccini, Christopher M.

Issue Date
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference, Vol.2B-2015
The aim of this paper is to (1) introduce an approach, called Polytope Sector-based Synthesis, for synthesizing 2D or 3D microstructural architectures that exhibit a desired bulkproperty directionality (e.g., isotropic, cubic, orthotropic, etc.), and (2) provide general analytical methods that can be used to rapidly optimize the geometric parameters of these architectures such that they achieve a desired combination of bulk thermal conductivity and thermal expansion properties. Although the methods introduced can be applied to general beam-based microstructural architectures, we demonstrate their utility in the context of an architecture that can be tuned to achieve a large range of extreme thermal expansion coefficients-positive, zero, and negative. The materialpropertycombination region that can be achieved by this architecture is determined within an Ashby-material-property plot of thermal expansion vs. thermal conductivity using the analytical methods introduced. Both 2D and 3D versions of the design have been fabricated using projection microstereolithography.
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  • College of Engineering
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering
Research Area Additive Manufacturing, Architected Materials, Programmable Matter


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