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Targeted and Logical Discovery of Piperazic Acid-Bearing Natural Products Based on Genomic and Spectroscopic Signatures

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Shin, Daniel; Byun, Woong Sub; Kang, Sangwook; Kang, Ilnam; Bae, Eun Seo; An, Joon Soo; Im, Ji Hyeon; Park, Jiyoon; Kim, Eunji; Ko, Keebeom; Hwang, Sunghoon; Lee, Honghui; Kwon, Yun; Ko, Yoon-Joo; Hong, Suckchang; Nam, Sang-Jip; Kim, Seung Bum; Fenical, William; Yoon, Yeo Joon; Cho, Jang-Cheon; Lee, Sang Kook; Oh, Dong-Chan

Issue Date
American Chemical Society
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.145 No.36, pp.19676-19690
A targeted and logical discovery method was devised for natural products containing piperazic acid (Piz), which is biosynthesized from ornithine by L-ornithine Nhydroxylase (KtzI) and N-N bond formation enzyme (KtzT). Genomic signature-based screening of a bacterial DNA library (2020 strains) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers targeting ktzT identified 62 strains (3.1%). The PCR amplicons of KtzT-encoding genes were phylogenetically analyzed to classify the 23 clades into two monophyletic groups, I and II. Cultivating hit strains in media supplemented with (NH4Cl)-N-15 and applying H-1-N-15 heteronuclear multiple bond correlation (HMBC) along with H-1-(15N) heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) and H-1-N-15 HSQC-total correlation spectroscopy (HSQCTOCSY) NMR experiments detected the spectroscopic signatures of Piz and modified Piz. Chemical investigation of the hit strains prioritized by genomic and spectroscopic signatures led to the identification of a new azinothricin congener, polyoxyperuin B seco acid (1), previously reported chloptosin (2) in group I, depsidomycin D (3) incorporating two dehydropiperazic acids (Dpz), and lenziamides A and B (4 and 5), structurally novel 31-membered cyclic decapeptides in group II. By consolidating the phylogenetic and chemical analyses, clade-structure relationships were elucidated for 19 of the 23 clades. Lenziamide A (4) inhibited STAT3 activation and induced G2/M cell cycle arrest, apoptotic cell death, and tumor growth suppression in human colorectal cancer cells. Moreover, lenziamide A (4) resensitized 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) activity in both in vitro cell cultures and the in vivo 5-FU-resistant tumor xenograft mouse model. This work demonstrates that the genomic and spectroscopic signature-based searches provide an efficient and general strategy for new bioactive natural products containing specific structural motifs.
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Related Researcher

  • College of Pharmacy
  • Department of Manufacturing Pharmacy
Research Area Development of methodologies using metal catalyst, Total synthesis of natural products


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