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Charge-transfer hyperbolic polaritons in α-MoO<sub>3</sub>/graphene heterostructures

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Shen, J.; Chen, M.; Korostelev, V.; Kim, H.; Fathi-Hafshejani, P.; Mahjouri-Samani, M.; Klyukin, K.; Lee, G. -H.; Dai, S.

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AIP Publishing LLC
Applied Physics Reviews, Vol.11 No.2, p. 021409
Charge transfer is a fundamental interface process that can be harnessed for light detection, photovoltaics, and photosynthesis. Recently, charge transfer was exploited in nanophotonics to alter plasmon polaritons by involving additional non-polaritonic materials to activate the charge transfer. Yet, direct charge transfer between polaritonic materials has not been demonstrated. We report the direct charge transfer in pure polaritonic van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures of alpha-MoO3/graphene. We extracted the Fermi energy of 0.6 eV for graphene by infrared nano-imaging of charge transfer hyperbolic polaritons in the vdW heterostructure. This unusually high Fermi energy is attributed to the charge transfer between graphene and alpha-MoO3. Moreover, we have observed charge transfer hyperbolic polaritons in multiple energy-momentum dispersion branches with a wavelength elongation of up to 150%. With the support from the density functional theory calculation, we find that the charge transfer between graphene and alpha-MoO3, absent in mechanically assembled vdW heterostructures, is attributed to the relatively pristine heterointerface preserved in the epitaxially grown vdW heterostructure. The direct charge transfer and charge transfer hyperbolic polaritons demonstrated in our work hold great promise for developing nano-optical circuits, computational devices, communication systems, and light and energy manipulation devices
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  • College of Engineering
  • Department of Materials Science & Engineering
Research Area 2D materials, 2D crystal structures , 2D materials and fabrication processing, Advanced battery materials, Next-generation electronic devices


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