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Regenerative Potential of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7-Engineered Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Ligature-Induced Periodontitis

Cited 3 time in Web of Science Cited 6 time in Scopus

Jung, Yang-Hun; Park, Joo-Young; Kim, Hyo-Jin; Lee, Soon Min; Kim, Su-Hwan; Yun, Jeong-Ho

Issue Date
Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Tissue Engineering - Part A, Vol.29 No.7,8, pp.0162-210
Periodontitis is an oral disease caused by bacterial infection that has stages according to the severity of tissue destruction. The advanced stage of periodontitis presents irreversible destruction of soft and hard tissues, which finally results in loss of teeth. When conventional treatment modalities show limited results, tissue regeneration therapy is required in patients with advanced periodontitis. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) delivering bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on tissue regeneration in a periodontitis model. BMP7 is a member of the BMP family that shows bone-forming ability; however, BMPs rapid clearing and degradation and unproven efficacy make it difficult to apply it in clinical dentistry. To overcome this, we established BMP7-expressing engineered BM-MSCs (BMP7-eBMSCs) that showed superior osteogenic differentiation potential when subcutaneously transplanted with a biphasic calcium phosphate scaffold into immunocompromised mice. Furthermore, the efficacy of BMP7-eBMSC transplantation for periodontal tissue regeneration was evaluated in a rat ligature-induced periodontitis model. Upon measuring two-dimensional and three-dimensional amounts of regenerated alveolar bone using microcomputed tomography, the amounts were found to be significantly higher in the BMP7-eBMSC transplantation group than in the eBMSC transplantation group. Most importantly, fibrous periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue regeneration was also achieved upon BMP7-eBMSC transplantation, which was evaluated by calculating the modified relative connective tissue attachment. The amount of connective tissue attachment in the BMP7-eBMSC transplantation group was significantly higher than that in the ligature-induced periodontitis group, although the increase was comparable between the BMP7-eBMSC and human PDL stem cell transplantation groups. Taken together, our results suggested that sustainable release of BMP7 induces periodontal tissue regeneration and that transplantation of BMP7-eBMSCs is a feasible treatment option for periodontal regeneration. Impact StatementPeriodontitis is the second most common human dental disease affecting chronic systemic diseases. Despite the tremendous efforts trying to cure the damaged periodontal tissues using tissue engineering technologies, a definitive regenerative method has not been in consensus. Researchers are seeking more feasible and abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and furthermore, how to use reliable growth factors under more efficient control are the issues to be solved. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) gene delivering bone marrow-derived MSCs on periodontal tissue regeneration to evaluate the efficacy of BMP7 and engineered BMSCs for periodontal tissue regeneration.
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  • School of Dentistry
  • Department of Dentistry
Research Area 구강 및 턱뼈 (구강악안면) 의 면역 항상성 유지기전에 대한 연구


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