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Evolution of an intronic microsatellite polymorphism in Toll-like receptor 2 among primates

Cited 8 time in Web of Science Cited 8 time in Scopus
Authors
Yim, Jae-Joon; Adams, Amelia A; Kim, Ju Han; Holland, Steven M
Issue Date
2006-08-17
Publisher
Springer Verlag
Citation
Immunogenetics. 2006 Sep;58(9):740-5. Epub 2006 Aug 16.
Keywords
AnimalsBase SequenceDNA/genetics*Evolution, MolecularIntronsMicrosatellite RepeatsMolecular Sequence DataPhylogenyPolymorphism, GeneticPrimates/*genetics/*immunologySequence Homology, Nucleic AcidSpecies SpecificityToll-Like Receptor 2/*genetics
Abstract
Nonhuman primates express varying responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis: New World monkeys appear to be resistant to tuberculosis (TB) while Old World monkeys seem to be particularly susceptible. The aim of this study was to elucidate the presence of the regulatory guanine-thymine (GT) repeat polymorphisms in intron 2 of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) associated with the development of TB in humans and to determine any variations in these microsatellite polymorphisms in primates. We sequenced the region encompassing the regulatory GT repeat microsatellites in intron 2 of TLR2 in 12 different nonhuman primates using polymerase chain reaction amplification, TA cloning, and automatic sequencing. The nonhuman primates included for this study were as follows: chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), bonobo (Pan paniscus), gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), Celebes ape (Macaca nigra), rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta), pigtail macaque (Macaca nemestrina), patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas), spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), Woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagotricha), tamarin (Saguinus labiatus), and ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta). Nucleotide sequences encompassing the regulatory GT repeat region are similar across species and are completely conserved in great apes. However, Old World monkeys lack GT repeats altogether, while New World monkeys and ring-tailed lemurs have much more complex structures around the position of the repeats. In conclusion, the genetic structures encompassing the regulatory GT repeats in intron 2 of human TLR2 are similar among nonhuman primates. The sequence is most conserved in New World monkeys and less in Old World monkeys.
ISSN
0093-7711 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16912902

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/22158
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00251-006-0141-2
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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