S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Docetaxel+5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin 3-day combination chemotherapy as a first-line treatment in patient with unresectable gastric cancer
- Oh, Do-Youn; Kim, Tae-Yong; Kwon, Jung Hye; Lee, Jae-Jin; Joh, Yohan; Kim, Dong-Wan; Kim, Tae-You; Heo, Dae Seog; Bang, Yung-Jue; Kim, Noe Kyeong
- Issue Date
- Oxford University Press
- Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol.35 No.7, pp.380-385
- Background: Our objective was to verify the efficacy and safety of 'docetaxel + 5-fluorouracil + cisplatin' 3-day combination chemotherapy as a first-line treatment in patients with unresectable gastric cancer. Methods: Between January and November 2002, we enrolled 43 patients [males 31; median age 55 years (range 24-74)] with inoperable gastric cancer who had not been seen previously in Seoul National University Hospital. The regimen used was docetaxel 70 mg/m(2) on day 1, cisplatin 40 mg/m(2) on days 2 and 3, and 5-fluorouracil 1200 mg/m(2) over 10 h on days 1-3, every 3 weeks. Results: A total of 168 cycles were administered. Mean cycle number per patient was 3.9. The administered dose intensity of docetaxel was 21.23 mg/m(2)/week, 5-FU 1092.14 mg/m(2)/week and cisplatin 23.82 mg/m(2)/week, which corresponded to 91.1, 91.0 and 89.5% of planned doses. Of the 43 patients, response evaluation was possible in 40 and, of these patients, 17 (42.5%) achieved a partial response, 13 (32.5%) stable disease, and 10 patients (25%) showed progressive disease. The median time to progression was 5.6 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.6-6.6 months]. Median overall survival was 9.0 months. (95% Cl 4.8-13.2 months). Leukopenia occurred during 21.4% of cycles (36 of 168 cycles); 14.3% grade 1, 5.3% grade 2 and 1.8% grade 3. Anemia occurred in 16.7% (28 of 168 cycles); 11.3% grade 1, 4.8% grade 2 and 0.6% grade 3. Thrombocytopenia was not observed. Diarrhea, stomatitis and hypersensitivity occurred in 4.7% (two out of 43 patients), respectively. Neutropenic fever occurred in two patients (4.7%) and myalgia in three (7.0%). Conclusion: 'Docetaxel + 5-fluorouracil + cisplatin' 3-day combination chemotherapy is an active and tolerable regimen as a first-line treatment in patients with unresectable gastric cancer.
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