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A normative study of the Trail Making Test in Korean elders

Cited 49 time in Web of Science Cited 49 time in Scopus
Authors
Seo, Eun Hyun; Lee, Dong Young; Kim, Ki Woong; Lee, Jung Hie; Jhoo, Jin Hyeong; Youn, Jong Choul; Choo, Il Han; Ha, Jin; Woo, Jong Inn
Issue Date
2006-09-07
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep;21(9):844-52.
Keywords
Age FactorsAgedAged, 80 and overAsian Continental Ancestry Group/*psychologyCross-Cultural ComparisonEducational StatusFemaleHumansKoreaMaleMiddle AgedReference ValuesSex Factors*Trail Making Test
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of age, education and gender on the performance of the Trail Making Test (TMT) and provide normative information in Korean elders. METHODS: The TMT was administered to 997 community-dwelling volunteers aged 60-90. People with serious neurological, medical and psychiatric disorders, including dementia, were excluded. RESULTS: Education and age had significant effects on both parts of the TMT. Gender also had an effect on part A of the TMT (Trail A). Based on these results, the norms of Trail A stratified by age (four overlapping tables), education (four strata) and gender, and the norms of part B of TMT (Trail B) stratified by age (four overlapping tables) and education (three strata). CONCLUSIONS: Age and educational level had a considerable influence on both Trail A and B. Our normative information on the Trail A will be useful in the elders with poor educational attainment and can be utilized for cross-cultural comparison of the Trail A performance. The fact that a large number of elders fail to complete Trail B indicates a limited applicability of Trail B in elderly population, particularly with poor educational background.
ISSN
0885-6230 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16955436

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/23839
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.1570
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Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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