S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (생화학교실) Journal Papers (저널논문_생화학교실)
Regulation of insulin response in skeletal muscle cell by caveolin status
- Oh, Yoon Sin; Cho, Kyung A.; Ryu, Sung Jin; Khil, Lee-Yong; Jun, Hee-Sook; Yoon, Ji-Won; Park, Sang Chul
- Issue Date
- J Cell Biochem. 2006 Oct 15;99(3):747-58.
- Animals; Caveolae/metabolism/ultrastructure; Caveolin 1/genetics/*metabolism; Caveolin 2/genetics/metabolism; Caveolin 3/genetics/*metabolism; Cell Differentiation/physiology; Cell Line; Glucose/metabolism; Glucose Transporter Type 4/genetics/metabolism; Insulin/*metabolism; Mice; Muscle, Skeletal/cytology/*metabolism; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics/metabolism; Rats; Receptor, Insulin/genetics/metabolism; Signal Transduction/physiology
- Recent studies on the role of caveolin-1 in adipocytes showed that caveolin has emerged as an important regulatory element in insulin signaling but little is known on its role in skeletal muscle cells. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that caveolin-1 plays a crucial role in insulin dependent glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells. Differentiation of L6 skeletal muscle cells induce the expression of caveolin-1 and caveolin-3 with partial colocalization. However in contrast to adipocytes, phosphorylation of insulin receptor beta (IRbeta) and Akt/Erk was not affected by the respective downregulation of caveolin-1 or caveolin-3 in the muscle cells. Moreover, the phosphorylation of IRbeta was detected not only in the caveolae but also in the non-caveolae fractions of the muscle cells despite the interaction of IRbeta with caveolin-1 and caveolin-3. These data implicate the lack of relationship between caveolins and IRbeta pathway in the muscle cells, different from the adipocytes. However, glucose uptake was reduced specifically by downregulation of caveolin-1, but not that of caveolin-3. Taken together, these observations suggest that caveolin-1 plays a crucial role in glucose uptake in differentiated muscle cells and that the regulation of caveolin-1 expression may be an important mechanism for insulin sensitivity, implying the role of muscle cells for type 2 diabetes.
- 0730-2312 (Print)
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