S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Ophthalmology (안과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_안과학전공)
The long-term result of slanted medial rectus resection in exotropia of the convergence insufficiency type
- Choi, M Y; Hwang, J-M
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- Eye 2006; 20: 1279-1283
- Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Convergence, Ocular; Exotropia/*surgery; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Oculomotor Muscles/*surgery; Postoperative Period; Prospective Studies; Treatment Outcome
- PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of slanted medial rectus (MR) resection for intermittent exotropia (X(T)) of the convergence insufficiency type. METHODS: In all, 10 patients with an X(T) greater at near than at distance by 10 prism diopters (PD) or more were included in this prospective study. Patients received slanted bilateral MR resection. The upper edge of the MR was resected according to the distance exodeviation and the lower edge of the MR was resected according to near exodeviation. The postoperative follow-up period was between 6 and 62 months with a mean of 38.9 months. The paired t-test was used to compare: mean distance angle of deviation preoperatively and postoperatively; mean near angle of deviation preoperatively and postoperatively; and mean near-distance exodeviation difference preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Bilateral slanted MR resections reduced mean exodeviation at distance from 23.0+/-7.2 to 16.3+/-5.4 PD (P=0.03); mean exodeviation at near from 34.3+/-7.7 to 24.6+/-6.9 PD (P=0.01); and mean near-distance difference from 11.4+/-2.6 to 8.3+/-3.5 PD (P=0.04). At the final follow-up examination, all patients demonstrated an exodeviation of 10 PD or more at distance and near, and the exodeviation difference between distance and near deviation was within 10 PD in five of the 10 patients. Three patients had an esodeviation at distance after surgery, but all resolved within 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral slanted MR resections in patients with X(T) of the convergence insufficiency type resulted in undercorrection in all patients.
- 0950-222X (Print)
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