소설의 배경에 나타난 시간과 공간에 관한 소고 : A Study on Time and Space in the Backround of Fiction

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서울대학교 인문대학
인문논총, Vol.1, pp. 3-17
This paper is aimed to clarify what the typical frame is in Korean fiction by analyzing
the background of the structure of fiction. The past studies on Korean fiction have
analyzed it by the external literary factels rather than at the standpoint of the literary
principles such as ~deological, historical and social background. Therefore these methods
depend only on the synchronical background and the way how novelists own fundermental
elements vary has been Ignored. Moreover, since historical method emphasize too much
the relation ship between the society and the novel orzthe period and the novel, the
aesthetic system of fiction tend to be Ignored.
In order to make up for this defect the principle of the background should be applied.
And the typical frame of Korean fiction is to be clarified in this essay. As a result the
followings are produced.
The classification of the background IS not subsidiary means helping to make certain
the character and the behavior. While the background appeared in the novels of 19th
century played a subsidiary role, in modern fiction the background constructs the
metaphorical world as spiritual setting and moreover has its own meaning.
Time appeared In the fackground can be perceived as the artificial world of consciousness,
that is, artificial time. The past novels emphasized the ordering of natural time,
but the modern novels Include phylosophical meaning of time more strongly by implying
the world of consciousness.
Space appeared in the background, which was subsidiary means, has the side corresponding
with the symbolism of the character and the events as a stage meaningful in
itself. As a example the symbol~sm of the cities in ruins shown in the post-war
novels can be taken.
In conclusion the typical frame in Korean fiction, which is explained through the conception
of "time and space" becomes significant in post Korean-war fiction as a gradual
development of artificial time and symbolic space.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.01 (1976) (인문논총)
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