S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
15d-Deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 modulates collagen type I synthesis in human hepatic stellate cells by inducing oxidative stress
- Kim, Kyung-Ah; Lim, Young-Suk; Kim, Kang-Mo; Yoon, Jung-Hwan; Lee, Hyo-Suk
- Issue Date
- Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2005 Nov;73(5):361-7.
- Antioxidants/pharmacology; Apoptosis/*drug effects; Cell Survival/drug effects; Cells, Cultured; Collagen Type I/*biosynthesis; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Humans; Liver/*cytology/drug effects/metabolism; Oxidative Stress/drug effects/*physiology; Prostaglandin D2/*analogs & derivatives/pharmacology
- 15 deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is known to inhibit the proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), major cellular components that cause hepatic fibrosis, in vitro. It also induces oxidative stress, which results in hepatic myofibroblast death. On the other hand, oxidative stress generally induces HSC proliferation and collagen synthesis in vitro, and liver fibrogenesis in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the effects of 15d-PGJ(2) at various concentrations on the viability and collagen synthesis of HSCs. 15d-PGJ(2) increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and reduced the viability of human HSCs at concentrations 5 microM by inducing apoptotic cell death. In addition, the antioxidants alpha-tocopherol and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) blocked 15d-PGJ(2)-induced HSC death. Collagen I synthesis was increased 1.5-fold by 0.5 microM 15d-PGJ(2) treatment, but was reduced to 30% of the control level by 10 microM 15d-PGJ(2), and NAC pretreatment prevented these changes in collagen production by 15d-PGJ(2). We conclude that 15d-PGJ(2) may either induce or prevent hepatic fibrogenesis depending on its concentration.
- 0952-3278 (Print)
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