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Light and Darkness in King Richard III

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Yong, Munsik

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서울대학교 인문대학 영어영문학과
영학논집, Vol.4, pp. 69-80
To the York it is the glorious day of victory. The past discontent
and dark shadows are represented by the image of winter. The dark,
sombre winter is gone, and the sun of summer shines on everything.
The image of the sun is that of splendid glory to which Shakespeare
gave force and dignity. The ideal kingship, filled with life and ecstasy
like the shining summer sun, ought to bring peace. On this day of
glorious victory, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, stares at his ugly figure.
Richard, cursing his own shadow in the sun, burns with ambition and
hatred. He betrays himself, "I am determined to prove a villain."
The images of winter and summer, the sun and the shadow reveal
themselves in contrast. The images of light and darkness in contrast
may be said to be the key to Shakespeare's imagery. Here the floating
image developing in pairs are comparatively simple. The sombre winter
and the bright summer sun, but this image of the sun soon flows to
the images of the shadow and the cloud, and by and by ends in the image of blood.
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