S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Distribution of fluoroquinolone MICs in Helicobacter pylori strains from Korean patients
- Issue Date
- Oxford University Press
- J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Nov;56(5):965-7. Epub 2005 Sep 13.
- Amino Acid Substitution ; Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology ; Aza Compounds/pharmacology ; Ciprofloxacin/pharmacology ; DNA Gyrase/genetics ; DNA, Bacterial/chemistry/genetics ; Fluoroquinolones/*pharmacology ; Gastric Mucosa/microbiology ; Helicobacter Infections/*microbiology ; Helicobacter pylori/*drug effects/genetics/isolation & purification ; Humans ; Korea ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Ofloxacin/pharmacology ; Point Mutation ; Quinolines/pharmacology ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Drug Resistance, Bacterial
- OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence rate of primary fluoroquinolone resistance in Helicobacter pylori isolates from Korean patients over the past 16 years. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five strains of H. pylori (34 strains in 1987, 36 in 1994 and 65 in 2003) were isolated from antral gastric mucosal biopsy specimens. The determination of MICs for the H. pylori isolates of ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin was examined by using the serial 2-fold agar dilution method. DNA sequences of the gyrA gene in fluoroquinolone-resistant strains were determined. RESULTS: The distribution of fluoroquinolone MICs (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin) shifted to higher concentrations during 1987-2003. All of the levofloxacin- or moxifloxacin-resistant strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin. Sequence analysis in fluoroquinolone-resistant strains showed point mutation of the gyrA gene at A272G and G271A, indicating mutations of the codon Asp-91 in the fluoroquinolone-resistance-determining region of the DNA gyrase. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that resistance to fluoroquinolones has been increasing in the Korean population and the resistance is most likely mediated through point mutation in gyrA.
- 0305-7453 (Print)
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