S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원) Journal of humanities (인문논총) Journal of Humanities vol.14 (1985) (인문논총)
현대 러시아어에서 문법적 성체계의 기능전이현상
A Functional Shift in the Gender Pattern in Modern Russian
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 인문과학연구소
- 인문논총, Vol.14, pp. 261-283
- In Modern Russian a lexical type "vrač 'doctor'" can refer both to a male and to a female. In Russian gender is generally determined according to sex and declension types (i.e. female→ feminine gender, male → masculine gender; zero desinence ≅ masc., -a≅fem., -o≅neuter gender); when there is a conflict between these two factors, the former plays a dominant determining role (RULE A). In this respect, the type "vrač" poses an interesting problem. Although it seems to be of masculine gender according to the declension type (zero desinence), it should be marked with so called "common" gender, since it can refer to both sexes. However, all dictionaries register it as mascline. This might be motivated by two factors: (1) linguistic enertia: sociologically, "vrač" has been restricted to a male sex until recently, (2) the pressure of declension types.