중용의 원리와 성(誠)의 실현: 다산과 오규소라이의『중용』해석 : The Principle of the Mean and the Realization of Attentiveness — A Comparison of Tasans and Ogry Sorais interpretations

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서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
인문논총, Vol.49, pp. 43-83
As an attempt to understand the Confucian Way through The Doctrine of
the Mean, this thesis purports to clarify the relation between the mean
(zhongyong, zhonghe) and the attentiveness (jing), the two pivotal
principles of practicing the Way. For this purpose, it can be enlightening to
compare the interpretations of The Doctrine of the Mean by Tasan of the
Late Choson Korea and Ogyu Sorai of the Tokugawa Japan, since their
thoughts present commonly the post-Zhuxian worldview, but out of
different basic concerns.
Tasans basic concern is to lay stress on the immanent and transcendental
source of the Way and thence to reach out to concrete problems of its
social practice. Whereas Ogyu Sorais concern is the social realization of the
Way, that is, to relieve the world from pain. Therefore Tasan emphasizes
the importance of the emotional and religious basis for building a human
character, and tries to establish the virtuous nature of the inner as the
foundation for realizing the Way in the society. This comes to his guiding
principle of the consistence of the inside and the outside. Whereas Ogyu Sorai confirms the ritual and music (liyue), that are the alleged instructions
of Confucian saints, as the foundation of the legal order of the society, and
the virtuous nature as the condition for their realization. This comes to his
main theme of adapting oneself to the instructions of the saints.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.49 (2003) (인문논총)
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